TaCRI’s Ugano sub-Station is located in Mbinga district, Ruvuma region, 13 km from Mbinga town; about two hours drive from Songea, and 1500 km (two days by road) from TaCRI Head Office in Lyamungu. The station is well situated within an important coffee growing area in Ruvuma, Njombe and Iringa regions.
Mbinga district, Ruvuma in the Southern highlands of Tanzania, with fertile soils formed from igneous rocks, is one of the major 12 coffee producing districts in Tanzania producing some of the finest mild Arabica coffee that accounts for 20-25% of the total Arabica coffee production in Tanzania. This entire production is from 42,000 smallholders on 32,000 ha of land that accounts for about 70% of the districts economy. Germany is the major market of the Mbinga coffee. The district, with rainfall ranging from 1,000 to 2,000 mm per annum, has the potential of producing more than 52,000 tones of clean Arabica coffee per year. Potential for coffee cultivation is estimated at 128,000 ha but only about 52,000 ha are under Arabica coffee production.
Function of the Ugano Sub-Station is to support the development of the coffee industry in the Southern Highland Zone by disseminating proven technologies to district extension staff, farmers and estates through the provision of training courses and by promoting extension messages; and to support the central research programme by facilitating on farm research.